MOSES HA-DARSHAN

MOSES HA-DARSHAN (11th century), scholar and aggadist of Narbonne. Moses was the teacher of nathan b. jehiel of rome , who quotes him in the Arukh, sometimes anonymously.   jacob tam in Sefer ha-Yashar (part of responsa ed. by F. Rosenthal (1898), 189f. no. 46:4) considers him, together with his brother Levi, and joseph bonfils , among the early leaders of French Jewry. Moses is chiefly renowned for his contribution to midrashic literature. Rashi in his commentaries on Scripture, especially on the Pentateuch, frequently quotes from Moses ha-Darshan's Yesod, which was apparently a book of scriptural expositions, consisting chiefly of the exegesis of words and midrashic sayings. It is not known whether the work also embraced the rest of the Bible. For many years the Genesis Rabbah by Moses ha-Darshan, frequently quoted by raymond martini in his polemic work Pugio Fidei, constituted a unique problem. No book of that name was known to scholars in previous centuries. isaac abrabanel , for one, stated in his Yeshu'ot Meshiḥo that he did not know of such a book and suspected it to be a forgery. Only recently has it become evident that the early authorities did indeed know a midrashic anthology by Moses ha-Darshan, or at least one emanating from his school, and that this extensive anthology was the basis of the Midrash called genesis rabbati , which was apparently adapted and abridged from the work of Moses. In this Midrash, Moses based himself entirely upon genesis rabbah , but drew upon his vast store of knowledge and remarkable creative ability to develop and enlarge the central ideas of the source by comparing them with other verses and passages, and connecting them with homilies occurring elsewhere. Moses made abundant use of the Mishnah, the Talmud (chiefly the Babylonian), the Midrashei Rabbah and Tanḥuma, the Pesikta, Pirkei de-Rabbi Eliezer, and others. There is ground for the suggestion that the portions Ba-Midbar and Naso in numbers rabbah , as well as the midrashic anthology called Midrash Aggadah (ed. by S. Buber, 1894), largely emanate from the bet-midrash of Moses ha-Darshan. One unique characteristic of Moses' midrashic work is his use of the aggadot embedded in the apocrypha , such as Jubilees, Enoch, The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs, and others, of which he possessed an improved Hebrew text. He also drew upon the collected Midrashim of his predecessors compiled from the Apocryphal literature, particularly from Midrash Tadshe (see smaller midrashim ) which, with its proem, was ascribed by Moses to the tanna, phinehas b. jair . Some wish to ascribe to Moses several other extant minor Midrashim, on the basis of their similarity to his known work. In addition to citation in Rashi and Nathan b. Jehiel, the work was extensively quoted by Tobiah b. Eliezer in his midrashic collection, lekah tov ; Menaḥem b. Solomon, in his anthology, Sekhel Tov; and, very much later by abraham saba in his Ẓeror ha-Mor. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Epstein, Mi-Kadmoniyyot ha-Yehudim, 1 (1887), i–xiv; idem, Moshe ha-Darshan mi-Narbonah (1891); Kitvei R. Avraham Epstein, 1 (1950), 215–44; S. Lieberman, Sheki'in (1939), 52ff.; Zunz-Albeck, Derashot, 144f.; S. Buber (ed.), Midrash Aggadah, 1 (1894), introd.; Ḥ. Albeck (ed.), Bereshit Rabbati (1940), introd. 1–36. (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Moses ha-Darshan — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Moshe haDarshan (11th century) (Hebrew: משה הדרשן) was chief of the yeshiva of Narbonne, and perhaps the founder of Jewish exegetical studies in France. Along with… …   Wikipedia

  • Moses ha-Darshan (Narboni, Moses) — (fl. 11th cent)    French scholar. He lived in Narbonne. His writings, notably commentaries on the Bible, influenced Rashi …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • JUDAH BEN MOSES HA-DARSHAN — (11th century), French scholar, son of moses ha darshan , under whom he studied and whose teachings he transmitted. He apparently also studied under gershom b. judah in Mainz, then returned to Narbonne where isaac b. merwan ha levi was among his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELEAZAR BEN MOSES HA-DARSHAN OF WUERZ-BURG — (mid 13th century), one of the later writers of the hasidei ashkenaz from the school of judah b. samuel he Hasid and eleazar of Worms. His father Moses was Judah s brother in law. None of his writings has been published. Two of his works, however …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MOSES BEN JACOB OF COUCY — (13th century), French scholar and tosafist. His father Jacob is mentioned a number of times in the printed tosafot (Kid. 43b; et al.). Moses was the maternal grandson of the tosafist Ḥayyim ha Kohen and brother in law of samson of coucy . His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MOSES ISAAC — (Darshan; also known as the Kelmer Maggid; 1828–1899), the main preacher of the musar movement , Moses Isaac was born near Slonim. In his youth he already showed exceptional abilities as a preacher and delivered his first sermon in Slonim at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISSERLES, MOSES BEN ISRAEL — (1525 or 1530–1572), Polish rabbi and codifier, one of the great halakhic authorities. His full family name, Isserel Lazarus was shortened to Isserles, but he is usually referred to as the Rema (acronym of Rabbi Moses Isserles). Isserles was born …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EULENBURG, ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM MOSES ISRAEL — (d. 1657), rabbi and author, also known as Isaac Przybyslawa. Isaac s father, who died in 1605, was the cantor and scribe of the old synagogue of Cracow. Isaac studied under joel sirkes and from 1640 to 1647 served as dayyan and preacher in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DAVID BEN MANASSEH DARSHAN — (16th century), preacher and author in Poland. He was a pupil of isaac b. bezalel , moses isserles , and solomon luria . In 1555, David visited Italy, and traveled among the communities there. He subsequently returned to Cracow, where he gained… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TA-SHMA, ISRAEL MOSES — TA SHMA, ISRAEL MOSES, (1936–2004), a prominent Israeli scholar of talmudic and rabbinic literature. Ta Shma was born in Tel Aviv into a Religious Zionist family. He attended the Yeshivat ha Yishuv he Ḥadash high school, afterwards studying at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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